The proceedings of four legal cases before the Federal Court of Pakistan following the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly in October 1954. The British system of government had given these diverse people a very little opportunity to participate in government. Reason. THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN By SURINDER SINGH Pakistan came into existence on 14th August 1947, as a separate independent state alongwith India; both receiving Dominion Status in the then British Commonwealth of Nations. It gives guiding lines of relationships among the federating units. Formation of Government Machinery9. Sixty million of the ninety-five million M… Law making is always within its limits. The Indian Journal of Political Science The Constitution of Pakistan Issues: Challenges and Options Pakistan Muslim League was the major party in movement o f Pakistan and also in initial ... criticism of the PML on various Constitutional and political issues. The Problems and Issues of Federalism in Pakistan 112 a part of the constitution, these cannot be changed except by amending the constitution, which is always a difficult process. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The first problem Pakistan had to face was choosing an administrative Capital city to form and establish a government. The Indian Journal of Political Science is one of the most reputed refereed journals of Political Science at international level and the foremost journal of the discipline in India. The government of Pakistan has limited its ability to increase health finance and expenditure. Electricity Problem8. Due to crises, conflicts and issues created instability in government and politics. Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. Congress Reaction On the Establishment Of Pakistan3. Choice of Capital and Establishment of Government The first problem that Pakistan had to face was to choose a capital to form a Government and to establish a secretariat. (Pakistan and China are steadfast allies; Pakistan is the flagship location for Beiji… That Constitution provided for Parliamentary form of Government with uni-cameral Legislature at … The 71years history of Pakistan is full of constitutional turmoils. To frame a Constitution for the country. The country has been governed by 4 constitutions (twice India Act 1935, 1956 &1962), 4 times military ruleand3 times elected governments were dismissed under clause 58-2b and now1973 is in vogue. Initial Problems of Pakistan Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. 1. 2nd Years Pakistan studies Notes for KPK Board. Thirdly, the division of powers and functions is on territorial basis. Pakistan was carved out in desperate urgency. Nearly seventeen million people-Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs-are reported to have moved in both directions between India and the two wings of Pakistan (the eastern wing is now Bangladesh). Constitution is a set of basic principles and framework for governance and exercise of political power and legal authority. Quaid-e-Azam took the office of the Governor General, Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as Prime Minister and a Cabinet of experienced persons was selected. The first constituent assembly failed to complete the task of framing a constitution; after some seven years of work it had produced only two or three drafts for the constitution. Constitution making 1947 to 1956 • The modified Government of India Act (1935) became the Interim Constitution of Pakistan in 1947. • The Constituent Assembly (CA) was given the task of framing the Constitution. Pakistan emerged 14 August 1947, on the world map. As Sir Ivor Jennings' long introduction makes clear, those cases are of considerable interest for a wide range of constitutional and Commonwealth problems. The Constituent Moreover, a large burden of population demanding scarce resources redirection. 2 INITIAL DIFFICULTIES OF PAKISTAN 1.Choice of Capital and Establishment of Government 2.Unfair Boundary Distrbution 3.The Massacre of Muslim Refugees in India 4.Division of Military and Finantial Assets 5.Canal Water Dispute 3 Kashmir Dispute 4 .Constitutional Problem 5 .Annexation of Princely States 6 Junagadh 7 Hyderabad Deccan (PDF) Difficulties and problems faced in establishment of Pakistan | Ahmad Iftikhar - Academia.edu Pakistan was established in 1947 and since its inception, it has been surrounded by countless issues including but not limited to ill-formed/missing infrastructure, insufficient refined resources, barren or obsolete factories and technologies, With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. In 1947, some of them, particularly the Balochs and the Bengalis, were sure they now wanted to transfer allegiance to a new P… Submit Close. It has precedence over ordinary laws and cannot be changed like ordinary laws. The local bodies system from Article 140 of the constitution states that power should be transferred to the lower levels of … To act as a Federal Legislative Assembly or Parliament until that Constitution came into effect. Quaid-e-Azam as Governor-General chose Karachi. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. It was created in the name of nationalism. On 23 February 1948, the Government of Pakistan ordained Urdu as the sole national language, sparking extensive protests among the Bengali-speaking majority of East Pakistan. This item is part of JSTOR collection Chapter 2 Initial Problems of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Study notes for class 12. Pakistan’s government did not want to risk them returning and spreading the disease at home, and it also hoped that the move signaled support for China at a time when it was embarrassed in front of the world. In addition to these, macroeconomic issues of government further complicate the problem. The creation of Pakistan was catalyst to the largest demographic movement in recorded history. Constitutional devolopment in pakistan 1947 to 18th Amenment. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Each territorial unit is assigned powers and rights through the constitution. 1. How the constitution of Pakistan was framed and what kind of constitutional issues were faced at the initial stages. To act as a Federal Legislative Assembly or Parliament until that Constitution came into effect. The problems of a geographically split state … it took nine long years for Pakistan for the same. Division of financial assets5. It clarifies the scope of power, relationship among various institutions within the government and society. Immediate problems ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Request Permissions. When Pakistan became a country on August 14th, 1947, to form the largest Muslim state in the world at that time. The Pakhtuns in the north 2. the Balochs in the west 3. the Sindhis in the south 4. the Punjabis in the north-east 5. the Bengalis in the east These people had different traditions, cultures, languages, and lifestyles. Before Pakistan had any cases of the virus, it made the decisionto not allow 800 Pakistani students stranded in Wuhan, China to return to the country. Download Initial Problems of Pakistan Comments. The Constitution of Pakistan: Issues, Challenges and Options 16 began to grow dim as the darkness in the circumstances surrounding the birth of Pakistan began to close in. It came into existence with horrible loss of life and property, and the migration of millions of dazed and destitute men, women, and… 1947 - 1953 Events Liaquat Ali Khan as Prime Minister Constitution-making in Pakistan became a highly complicated task. And finally, the administrative and political changes in the health system of Pakistan. Report "Initial Problems of Pakistan" Please fill this form, we will try to respond as soon as possible. must be explained more atleast another paragraph. Constitution is a basic document in the handling of domestic affairs. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. So the first constituent assembly under the Independence Act, 1947, was formed and was given two separate functions. The modified Government of India Act (1935) became the Interim Constitution of Pakistan in 1947. © 1956 Indian Political Science Association Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The course emphasizes on the political developments, constitutional history of Pakistan since 1857-1947 and the political developments till Musharraf era. Initial Problems Faced by Pakistan July 14, 2020 July 14, 2020 Noor Akber This article discusses the immediate problems faced by Pakistan in the establishment of an independent nation. 2. The first problem that Pakistan had to face was to choose a capital to form a Government and to establish a secretariat. Drafted by the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, with additional assistance from the country's opposition parties, it was approved by the Parliament on 10 April and ratified on 14 August 1973. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees’ … A quarterly publication, the journal reflects the intellectual tradition and dedication of its parent body, the Indian Political Science Association (IPSA),toward the advancement of political science, scientific study of politics, and dissemination of knowledge through rigorous political inquiry. 1. Under Section 8 of the Indian Independence Act, 1947, the Government of India Act, 1935 became, with certain adaptations, the working Constitution of Pakistan. Helpful but too short and to the point information without brief explanation. Pakistan’s major problems and their solutions. It was the result of great effort of political leaders and Muslims of India. Pakistan was mainly made up of five different groups: 1. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Pakistan faced many complicated problems and there was delay in the making of the Constitution, which was framed and given to the country for the first time in 1956. fa and fsc notes for kpk. Constitution-making in Pakistan became a highly complicated task. ISSUE OF … Published By: Indian Political Science Association, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. The Government of India Act (1935) was modified […] Your name. Upon arrival, there were no offices so interim offices were set up in barracks and public buildings just to kick things off. ISSUE OF NATIONAL LANGUAGE10. DEATH OF QUAID-E-AZAM7. Email. Constitutional Problem6. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. • Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan. Constitutional development in Pakistan Dr. Tahir Jamil 2. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions 3. Historically Pakistan has faced crucial problems in political life in the post independent years. In this article, I will analyze the reasons that were responsible for this long delay in constitution-making in Pakistan. The first constituent assembly failed to complete the task of framing a constitution; after some seven years of work it had produced only two or three drafts for the constitution. Background2. Division of Military Assets4. It sets out the framework for governance and exercise of power. On the contrary, Pakistan was faced with the problem of 9 years-long delay in the constitution-making in its initial years. The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: آئین پاکستان), also known as the 1973 Constitution, is the supreme law of Pakistan. Post Pakistan Problems (initial problems) Chapter#1: Immediate Problems1. The entire assets of the country were divided between the two states. Facing rising sectarian tensions and mass discontent with the new law, the government outlawed public meetings and rallies. In the constitution making processes in the three constituent assemblies of Pakistan (1947-1954, 1955-1956, 1972-1973), producing the 1956 and (current) 1973 constitutions, the Islamic character of the state and federalism were the two vexatious questions that prevented the forging of consensus amongst ethnonational groups on constitutional design of the instruments that have governed the polity thus far. Some of the initial difficulties were. Learn how your comment data is processed. Initial Difficulties of Pakistan From its very inception, Pakistan faced a large number of problems. People’s Youth Organisation organized condolence reference …, Universal Children Day and the SPMUDA International …, MediaTek set to Power Premium Gaming Smartphones …. Pakistan had to face a series of grave predicaments early on. Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan. Description. • Quaid-e-Azam took the office of the Governor General, Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as Prime Minister and a Cabinet of experienced persons was selected. Pakistan had to build its administration from the start and officers were brought in specially from Delhi. But the need of a constitution framed by the elected representatives of the people was all the more necessary for the free people. • The first problem that Pakistan had to face was to choose a capital to form a Government and to establish a secretariat. All Rights Reserved. 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